Woodville is a town in and the county seat of Wilkinson County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 1,096 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,192 people, 474 households, and 322 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,112.0 people per square mile (430.1/km²). There were 569 housing units at an average density of 530.8 per square mile (205.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 74.58% African American, 24.50% White and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.
There were 474 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.3% were married couples living together, 29.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the town, the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $16,176, and the median income for a family was $19,000. Males had a median income of $32,292 versus $18,333 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,590. About 38.0% of families and 37.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.0% of those under age 18 and 38.8% of those age 65 or over.