Indianola is a city in Sunflower County, Mississippi, United States, in the Mississippi Delta. The population was 10,683 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Sunflower County.
Indianola is located at the junction of U.S. Routes 82 and 49W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.7 square miles (23 km), of which 8.6 square miles (22 km) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km) (1.03%) is water, including Indian Bayou, which runs the length of the city and beyond.
Indianola is 30 miles (48 km) from Greenwood.
The topography of Indianola is flat, with the only significant elevation changes along waterways such as Indian Bayou and one Indian mound located on Main Street east of U.S. 49.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,683 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 78.8% African American , 18.5% White , 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, <0.1% from some other race and 0.4% from two or more races. 1.6% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,066 people, 3,899 households, and 2,982 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,400.3 people per square mile (540.5/km²). There were 4,118 housing units at an average density of 477.9 per square mile (184.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 25.73% White, 73.38% African American, 0.01% Native American, 0.46% Asian American, 0.16% from other races, and 0.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population.
There were 3,899 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 31.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.05 and the average family size was 3.5.
In the city, the population was spread out with 32.9% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,308, and the median income for a family was $31,186. Males had a median income of $27,310 versus $17,622 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,082. About 22.5% of families and 27.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.8% of those under age 18 and 21.5% of those age 65 or over.