Hickory Flat is a town in Benton County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 601 at the 2010 census.
Hickory Flat is located at 34°36′57″N 89°11′18″W / 34.61583°N 89.18833°W / 34.61583; -89.18833 (34.6159, -89.1884). U.S. Route 78, a freeway, serves the town via Exit 48. Mississippi Highway 178, following the former route of US 78, runs through the center of the town. Via US 78, it is 20 miles (32 km) northwest to Holly Springs, 65 miles (105 km) northwest to Memphis, 14 miles (23 km) southeast to New Albany, and 42 miles (68 km) southeast to Tupelo.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Hickory Flat has a total area of 0.97 square miles (2.5 km), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 565 people, 221 households, and 161 families residing in the town. The population density was 611.5 people per square mile (237.1/km²). There were 242 housing units at an average density of 261.9 per square mile (101.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 86.19% White, 12.74% African American, 0.71% Native American, and 0.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.18% of the population.
There were 221 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the town, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 78.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $24,141, and the median income for a family was $30,385. Males had a median income of $27,321 versus $18,438 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,392. About 18.4% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.