Courtland is a town in Panola County, Mississippi. The population was 460 at the 2000 census.
Courtland is located at 34°14′21″N 89°56′34″W / 34.23917°N 89.94278°W / 34.23917; -89.94278 (34.239122, -89.942670).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 460 people, 157 households, and 127 families residing in the town. The population density was 408.1 people per square mile (157.2/km²). There were 169 housing units at an average density of 150.0 per square mile (57.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 64.57% White and 35.43% African American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.30% of the population.
There were 157 households out of which 43.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.5% were non-families. 17.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.32.
In the town, the population was spread out with 32.6% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $35,729, and the median income for a family was $38,125. Males had a median income of $32,125 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,130. About 12.4% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 24.2% of those age 65 or over.